Willoughby made other attempts to offer SW to johns.
He took her to a nearby hotel where a swingers' convention was in progress, and made her “dress[ ] up” and walk the halls.
We review the court's decision for an abuse of discretion. (That the evidence did not fall within Rule 412(a) also refutes the government's suggestion that Willoughby was required to move for its admission under Rule 412(c)(1).)The government also contended—at oral argument in the district court and before us—that the circumstances of SW's recantation were “suspect,” and that any cross-examination regarding SW's recantation could therefore lead to “a mini-trial” about whether her recantation was true.
That concern is misplaced: by its terms, Rule 608(b) would have barred the admission of any “extrinsic evidence” to prove the truth or falsity of SW's recantation.
But two of the customers—“Chip” (whom the police later identified as Albert Tusin), and “Ed” (whom they identified as Edward Miles)—each responded to SW's inquiry by asking her to come to his home.
She did not find any, and eventually used a phone at a party store to call Willoughby for a ride home.He also gave her undergarments to wear, two condoms for each visit, and instructions never to kiss the johns on the mouth.(That was reserved for Willoughby.) He then drove SW to each man's house and waited outside while the man had sex with SW.*ARGUED: Angela Hayden, Adams, Stepner, Woltermann & Dusing, PLLC, Covington, Kentucky, for Appellant. Hurley, United States Attorney's Office, Ann Arbor, Michigan, for Appellee. The district court sentenced him to 30 years in prison.ON BRIEF: Angela Hayden, Adams, Stepner, Woltermann & Dusing, PLLC, Covington, Kentucky, for Appellant. Hurley, United States Attorney's Office, Ann Arbor, Michigan, for Appellee. Willoughby presents a raft of arguments on appeal, most of which are meritless. In January 2009, a 16–year–old girl (whom we call SW) ran away from her foster home with nothing but her purse.